According to the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990, sustainable agriculture is “an integrated system of plant and animal production practices, having a site-specific application, that will:
- Satisfy human food and fiber needs;
- Enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends;
- Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls;
- Sustain the economic viability of farm operations; and
- Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.”
Sustainable food is produced from sustainable agricultural systems and has specific attributes related to the production systems, labor practices, and distance traveled.